News You Can Use

Editorial Board

Paediatrics and Child Health - Sun, 12/01/2019 - 00:00
Categories: News You Can Use

Diagnosing arthritis in children

Paediatrics and Child Health - Fri, 11/08/2019 - 00:00
Arthritis in children is common, and a major cause of potential morbidity, with significant long-term consequences, joint damage and disability if left untreated. Diagnosing Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) can be challenging, and relies heavily on clinical assessment; investigations are helpful to exclude other conditions, but are often normal in JIA at presentation. The history may be vague, and the child may be too young to verbalise symptoms; detailed probing for inflammatory symptoms and a comprehensive examination of the child's joints are therefore essential.
Categories: News You Can Use

Screening for Adverse Childhood Experiences in Primary Care: A Quality Improvement Project

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Wed, 11/06/2019 - 00:00
Ninety percent of children of all races, economic status, and geographic regions will experience at least one adverse childhood experience (ACE) in their lifetime (Hornor, 2015). ACEs are defined as traumatic events that occur during childhood. There are three categories of ACEs including child abuse, child neglect, and household challenges, such as witnessing a mother being abused, having a parent with substance use or mental illness, separation/divorce or death of a parent, or incarceration of a parent (Anda, Butchart, Felitti, & Brown, 2010; Shonkoff et al., 2012).
Categories: News You Can Use

Childhood cataract

Paediatrics and Child Health - Wed, 11/06/2019 - 00:00
Cataract is the most frequent cause of avoidable childhood blindness in the world with a global economic cost of estimated at US$5000 million over 10 years. Unlike adult onset cataract, visual deprivation secondary to cataract in infancy or early childhood will interfere with neural development; delay in management can lead to profound amblyopia and poor post-operative visual outcome. Childhood cataract may occur in isolation or be secondary to a variety of genetic, infective or metabolic diseases.
Categories: News You Can Use

Inherited retinal dystrophies

Paediatrics and Child Health - Wed, 11/06/2019 - 00:00
Inherited retinal dystrophies (IRD) are a diverse group of progressive blinding genetic diseases that can present from birth through to late middle age. Symptoms include loss of night vision, visual field, colour, and central acuity. Sophisticated imaging modalities and electrophysiology permit genotype–phenotype correlations. The genetics are increasingly understood and have led to the development of gene therapy programmes, one of which is now a licensed treatment. Identifying these patients and establishing a genotype early is now of greater significance given the potential for treatment.
Categories: News You Can Use

Preventing dental caries in children: why improving children's oral health is everybody's business

Paediatrics and Child Health - Tue, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
Despite being largely preventable, dental caries is one of the most common diseases both in the UK and worldwide. Unmanaged dental caries may adversely impact a child and their quality of life. All healthcare professionals who have contact with children have an important role to play in improving the oral health of their patients. This can be achieved by delivering consistent, structured and supportive preventive messages and signposting to dental professionals when required. This paper outlines evidence-based guidance that should be followed to prevent dental caries, both on an individual and population basis.
Categories: News You Can Use

Adenotonsillectomy in children

Paediatrics and Child Health - Mon, 11/04/2019 - 23:36
Adenotonsillar disorders are a frequent complaint in children and adenotonsillectomy is one of the commonest surgical procedures. The two main indications for adenotonsillectomy are recurrent tonsillitis and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Both are associated with significant morbidity. How best to diagnose OSA is currently unclear. Some centres routinely use sleep studies whilst others rely on history alone. Intracapsular subtotal tonsillectomy, as opposed to complete tonsillectomy, is a good choice in OSA.
Categories: News You Can Use

Self-assessment

Paediatrics and Child Health - Sat, 11/02/2019 - 21:56
Categories: News You Can Use

Society Page

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 00:00
Categories: News You Can Use

Taking on Climate Change Through a Health Care Lens

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 00:00
As one of many global health trends, climate change, with the consequent threat to planetary health and populations worldwide, has been emerging for some time as a major destabilizing factor in public health. In recent years, extreme weather events seem to have become more frequent and have revealed the fragility of our planet and the deleterious effects that such events can have on the health of individuals, communities, and ecosystems. In the United States, coastal areas are experiencing rising sea levels and devastating storms.
Categories: News You Can Use

Medical Marijuana Guidelines for Practice: Health Policy Implications

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 00:00
Cannabis use in pediatric health care remains limited, however, there is increasing evidence on the pharmacologic benefits of medical marijuana for chronic conditions in childhood. Realizing the need for guidance in practice, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) published guidelines to aid in decision making in nursing practice. While focusing primarily on adult use of cannabis, the guidelines do address special populations such as children and adolescents. This article reviews the endocannabinoid system, current state of legislation on medical marijuana, policy considerations, recent FDA approval of a cannabis product for pediatric use, NCSBN National Nursing Guidelines for Medical Marijuana, and pediatric implications for nursing practice.
Categories: News You Can Use

Las Dos Cosas Versus Exclusive Breastfeeding: A Culturally and Linguistically Exploratory Intervention Study in Hispanic Mothers Living in Kentucky

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 00:00
Formula supplementation among infants of breastfeeding Hispanic immigrants is common practice known as las dos cosas. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, effectiveness, and acceptability of a culturally and linguistically diverse intervention to promote exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months.
Categories: News You Can Use

Common Skin Disorders in Pediatric Skin of Color

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 00:00
Children with skin of color represent a large proportion of the pediatric population. There are numerous skin conditions that commonly occur in this population, including but not limited to acne, atopic dermatitis, pityriasis alba, tinea versicolor, progressive macular hypomelanosis, traction alopecia, and confluent and reticulated papillomatosis. This article highlights the clinical presentations of these conditions in skin of color and briefly addresses pathophysiology and treatment modalities.
Categories: News You Can Use

Editorial Board

Paediatrics and Child Health - Fri, 11/01/2019 - 00:00
Categories: News You Can Use

Youth-Serving Professionals’ Perspectives on HIV Prevention Tools and Strategies Appropriate for Adolescent Gay and Bisexual Males and Transgender Youth

Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Wed, 10/23/2019 - 00:00
In the United States, HIV disproportionately burdens adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM), especially those who are black and Latinx (Ocfemia, Dunville, Zhang, Barrios, & Oster, 2018). Whereas HIV diagnoses have declined among many groups of adults since 2005, the same declines have not been observed among AMSM (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). HIV incidence is on the rise among black and Latinx youth; new infections among 13–24-year-old black and Latinx AMSM rose by 87% between 2005 and 2014 (CDC, 2016).
Categories: News You Can Use

The management of paediatric rheumatological emergencies

Paediatrics and Child Health - Wed, 10/23/2019 - 00:00
Whilst they are rare paediatric rheumatological emergencies can be life-threatening. They may occur in a patient with or without a known underlying rheumatological diagnosis. The signs and symptoms of a rheumatological emergency may be subtle and non-specific and can easily be missed, especially in a patient without a known underlying connective tissue disease or vasculitis. Progression can be rapid and without prompt recognition and treatment such emergencies can be catastrophic. This paper discusses the presenting features and the approach to management of several rheumatological emergencies including Macrophage Activation Syndrome (MAS), Pulmonary-Renal Syndrome, neonatal heart block, central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis and Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (CAPS).
Categories: News You Can Use

Pages

Subscribe to Kids Health Matters aggregator - News You Can Use